The lofty dome of St. Peter’s Basilica is the great towering symbol of the minuscule Vatican state and a towering artistic statement of the Late Renaissance and Baroque periods.
The history of this site incorporates a great deal of Christian mythology. The story goes that, after the crucifixion of Jesus, one of his 12 disciples, Peter from Galilee, embarked on a long trek to Rome where he was martyred by Emperor Nero. The location where he died, close to the Egyptian obelisk in the Circus (which still stands today), was initially marked by a red rock, and then by a shrine, followed by the first (Old) St. Peter’s Basilica in 360. This wooden structure stood for more than a millennium until it fell into disrepair in the 15th century. In 1506, Pope Julius II broke ground on the basilica and a series of Renaissance masters began an immense century-long construction project.
Officially opened on November 18, 1626, the last 400 years have seen St. Peter’s Basilica become one of the most sacred sites of Catholicism and one of the world’s top tourist attractions. The beautiful exterior is a cross-generational collaboration between Bramante, Raphael and Michelangelo, and includes an enormous nave and the high, iconic dome. It’s what stands inside, however, that really impresses.
Once inside, you’ll find frescoes and mosaics by the likes of Bernini and Giotto and a host of other treasures. Michelangelo’s Pietà and Arnolfo di Cambio’s Saint Peter sculptures, Vico Consorti’s Holy Door and Bernini’s famous altar are in good company with the treasures buried below the ground, such as the beautiful tombs of significant Vatican figures, from St. Peter to Pope John Paul II. Whether you’re a Catholic, an art aficionado or just a lover of beauty, St. Peter’s Basilica is a must-see.
The basilica is in central Rome and is open daily, although opening times vary according to the season. If you are planning to visit the Vatican Museums at the same time, be aware it is closed on Sundays with the exception of the last Sunday of the month.
You can walk to the basilica from the city center; the most direct route is to cross the Tiber and walk straight up Via della Conciliazione. The Metro train station Ottaviano is a short walk away along Via Ottaviano.
This Art Nouveau hotel is 1 block from Rome's Vatican Museums and 2 blocks from Saint Peter's Cathedral; it is near Via Cola di Rienzo shopping street, 1 kilometer from Castel S'Angelo and 3 kilometers from the Pantheon.
Located in Rome City Centre, this guesthouse is within a 15-minute walk of Piazza del Popolo and Pantheon. Villa Borghese and Trevi Fountain are also within 1 mi (2 km).
This hotel draws business travelers and families to its doors, 2 blocks from Rome's Vatican City, Saint Peter's Basilica and Square; Vatican Museum is a half-mile away, as is Castle San Angelo.
This 15th-century Rome hotel occupies a palace that housed cardinals for 65 years and priests for 200 years, and lies 400 meters from St Peter's Basilica and 300 meters from the River Tiber.
Located in Navona, this spa townhouse accommodation is steps from Sant'Eustachio and Pantheon. Piazza Navona and Trevi Fountain are also within 10 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this guesthouse is within a 10-minute walk of St. Peter's Square, St. Peter's Basilica, and Castel Sant'Angelo. Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel are also within 15 minutes.
Located in Rome City Centre, this property is steps from St. Peter's Square, St. Peter's Basilica, and Paul VI Audience Hall. Apostolic Palace and Sistine Chapel are also within 10 minutes.
Located in Vatican, this residence is within a 15-minute walk of St. Peter's Basilica and Sistine Chapel. San Carlo di Nancy Hospital and Vatican Museums are also within 1 mi (2 km).