Find out about Mussolini’s fascist regime at this striking symmetrical monument, which serves as a reminder of Italy’s dark history.
The Victory Monument is an imposing structure that was erected to celebrate Italy’s annexation of South Tyrol at the end of World War I. The monument, which was ordered by totalitarian dictator Benito Mussolini, is an excellent example of Italian fascist architecture. Explore the exhibition housed within the monument and learn about the Italianization of South Tyrol, when German language and culture was suppressed.
Discover the story behind the monument, which was first inaugurated in 1928. The arch remains divisive between German and Italian groups in the region. For many years, it was fenced off, before reopening to the public in 2014.
Note the imposing pillars and straight edges, both typical features of fascist architecture. The monument is made from Zandobbio marble from Bergamo. Read the Latin script on the façade, which translates to mean: “Here at the border of the fatherland stands a marker. From this point on, we educated the others with language, law, and culture.” A carving of a floating angel lies above the inscription. Take photos of the monument with the forests and mountains of South Tyrol in the background.
Peruse the BZ ‘18-’45 museum within the monument. The exhibits document the attempted Italianization of the region and the tensions created by opposing political ideologies and different languages.
Lie out on the on grass of Piazza della Vittoria (Victory Square). Although the city council wanted to change its name to Peace Square, locals voted in favor of retaining its controversial name. Come on Saturday to browse the stalls of a big weekly market.
The Victory Monument is west of the historic city center and south of Parco Petrarca. Walk west for 15 minutes from the Bolzano Railway Station to reach the monument.