National Museum of History
A visit to the National Museum of History in Sofia is an insight into the history and culture of Bulgaria and its people. Spot ancient mosaics, centuries-old coin collections, tribal tools, historic weaponry, religious icons and royal regalia, among other objects. The National Museum of History has a collection of over half a million artifacts, making it one of the largest museums in the Balkans.
As you approach the museum take a moment to admire its impressive building, a classic example of Soviet-era architecture. Check out the Byzantine, Greek and Roman columns and the statues displayed around the outside of the building. Inside, you’ll find the exhibits displayed chronologically from Bulgaria’s prehistory to the present day.
Learn about the Thracians, the early inhabitants of southeastern Europe. View gold objects found at Panagyurishte and mosaics from Villa Armira, which are some of Bulgaria’s most famous archaeological findings. See a collection of antique coins from Medieval times.
Don’t miss the displays that retell the story of Bulgaria’s period under Ottoman rule and the country’s liberation in 1878. Find artifacts that relate to the country’s involvement in WWI, WWII and the Balkan Wars.
Situated in the picturesque park of Rezidentsia Boyana, the National Museum of History is less than a 20-minute drive from Sofia’s city center. There is a large free parking lot at the museum’s entrance. Public trolleybuses also stop at the museum. After visiting the exhibits, take some time to explore the scenic tree-lined garden. On a clear day you can enjoy superb views of Mount Vitosha.
The museum is open daily, except for selected public holidays. There is a nominal admission fee and guided tours in English are also available for an extra cost. Purchase a combined ticket to access Boyana Church and Zemen Monastery. Full details are available on the museum’s official website.