The City of London
The City of London is the capital’s business hub and home to many of its most iconic historical landmarks, notably St. Paul’s Cathedral. Gaze up at skyscrapers, wander through pleasant plazas and visit some of the legendary attractions that have made London famous.
Also known simply as the City or the Square Mile, this district roughly follows the former limits of the first Roman settlement of the area known as “Londinium.” The City retains elements of its medieval character, but many of its historic structures were destroyed during the Great Fire of London in 1666. Learn about this devastating event at the Monument to the Great Fire of London. Gaze up at the monument’s 202-foot (62-meter) tall column and ascend the 311 steps to the top for an excellent view.
To the west of the monument is St. Paul’s Cathedral, an emblem of London’s recovery from the Great Fire. Although there has been a place of worship on this site for over 1,400 years, the current incarnation dates back to the late 17th century. Learn about the genius of architect Sir Christopher Wren, who designed this landmark church with its iconic dome. Inside, view intricate stone carvings and exquisite mosaics.
Browse the upscale boutiques housed inside the Royal Exchange, a former trading and commerce center. Visit the adjacent Bank of England, one of the oldest banks in the world, and its fascinating museum. The museum exhibits artifacts from the bank’s collections, including coins, prints, books and photographs, some of which date as far back as Roman times.
Relax in some of the district’s small squares, such as Finsbury Circus. Admire its bandstand and watch locals on the bowling green.
Check out the eclectic range of stores found in the One New Change shopping center. Head to the center’s public roof terrace for lovely views of St. Paul’s Cathedral.
The City of London is at the heart of the metropolis of London. It is well-connected to the surrounding London area by the London Underground.
Enjoy your visit to the neighborhood where London was born.