Agra Fort is an imposing 16th-century red sandstone fortress located about 1.5 miles (2.5 kilometers) northwest of the Taj Mahal. The vast fortified complex is also known as the Red Fort of Agra and was built by Mughal emperors when Agra was their capital city. Within its walls are palaces, halls and mosques, some of which are made from pure marble.
Agra Fort is protected by 65-feet (20-meter) high walls that wrap around the citadel for 1.5 miles (2.5 kilometers). Enter through the main gate on the south side and tour the spectacular structures. Access to some areas is prohibited because the fort is used by the Indian Army.
Visit the Hall of Public Audience, which contains a throne and is where government business used to be conducted. Stop by the early 17th-century Pearl Mosque, a building that is made entirely of white marble. Nearby is the Grand Hall of Private Audience and the Mirror Palace, with walls that have been inlaid with thousands of tiny mirrors.
Stroll through royal pavilions and take in views of the river and the Taj Mahal from their balconies. Enjoy the attractive landscaped gardens of the Anguri Bagh and admire the simple, elegant design of Mina Masjid. This small white marble mosque is believed to have been used by Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor of India.
Among the fort’s other highlights are the Khas Mahal palace and its white marble octagonal tower. This is where Shah Jahan was imprisoned after being overthrown by his son. From its balcony, he could look over to the Taj Mahal, the beautiful mausoleum he had commissioned for his wife.
Agra Fort is open every day from sunrise until sunset and admission charges apply. Children under the age of 15 get in for free.
The fort is situated in the city of Agra, which is approximately 124 miles (200 kilometers) from the Indian capital of New Delhi. Agra is well connected to many major Indian cities via its railway station, just 3.4 miles (5.5 kilometers) from Agra Fort.